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useOutletContext

useOutletContext

Type declaration
declare function useOutletContext<
  Context = unknown
>(): Context;

Often parent routes manage state or other values you want shared with child routes. You can create your own context provider if you like, but this is such a common situation that it's built-into <Outlet />:

function Parent() {
  const [count, setCount] = React.useState(0);
  return <Outlet context={[count, setCount]} />;
}
import { useOutletContext } from "react-router-dom";

function Child() {
  const [count, setCount] = useOutletContext();
  const increment = () => setCount((c) => c + 1);
  return <button onClick={increment}>{count}</button>;
}

If you're using TypeScript, we recommend the parent component provide a custom hook for accessing the context value. This makes it easier for consumers to get nice typings, control consumers, and know who's consuming the context value. Here's a more realistic example:

import * as React from "react";
import type { User } from "./types";
import { Outlet, useOutletContext } from "react-router-dom";

type ContextType = { user: User | null };

export default function Dashboard() {
  const [user, setUser] = React.useState<User | null>(null);

  return (
    <div>
      <h1>Dashboard</h1>
      <Outlet context={{ user }} />
    </div>
  );
}

export function useUser() {
  return useOutletContext<ContextType>();
}
import { useUser } from "../dashboard";

export default function DashboardMessages() {
  const { user } = useUser();
  return (
    <div>
      <h2>Messages</h2>
      <p>Hello, {user.name}!</p>
    </div>
  );
}
Docs and examples CC 4.0
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